Where The Guitar Was Found
Although many sources in Europe reveal that the origin of the guitar is based on Spain, it is not known whether the guitar really came from Spain. Because, if we look at the dates of the birth of the guitar, we also come across “sitar” in India, “tambur” in the Middle East, “kithar” in Greece, and “sihtar” in Iran. In addition to a relief from the Hittites in the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations in Ankara, the presence of string instruments resembling guitars in the reliefs of Assyrians is a fact. In the story of his arrival to Europe, we come across Iranian and Arab names. First, the Arab world through Iran, the Arabs to Europe through the conquest of Spain is a common finding.
Although the name is not guitar, instruments that look like guitars in terms of physical and work have been popular for at least 4,000 years. For the first time in history, 14. in the 20th century, a carp called Guitern was mentioned, although its shape was not described too much. 13. hand-made marijuana. this instrument, known for centuries, gives the first clues to the birth of today’s guitar towards the end of the 1500’s. Instead of connecting the history of classical guitar to a single region or nation, it would be better to approach the region issue.
ROME AND EGYPT
Egypt’s first-ever single-string instrument was the small harp used with spring tracks. As time progressed, this spring instrument was first attached to the sap, then it was added to the curtains made of the intestine. Then, the curtain lengths and wire thicknesses were mixed and instruments with various characters and characteristics were produced. Later on, a form that resembles a guitar was produced with the body changing. It is placed on the board with 5 sound holes on the white leather that provides the sound character. It came back to the 16th century. In an ancient Egyptian sarcophagus, an ensemble estimated to have come from Rome, resembling a modern guitar structure, was found in the casket fold and depth. If we look at the back of the body of this instrument, we can see that the angle of the curve is the same as today, and that the two sides of the instrument are clamped by scraping the boards. In this way, we can see the type of safe nearest to the present.
LATIN AND MORISCO
There are some differences between Latin and Morisco guitars. Because Morisco was brought by guitar Moor s, it was named Morisco. The body is Oval and there are a lot of sound holes in the case. The Arabs moved to Western Europe with the participation of the Umayyads in jihad to go to northern Africa and Spain. The production of this morisco guitar by the producers of the Western European instruments took its final shape as a result of the pressure of the clichés and the addition of the features of the cathedral instruments.
The guitar was more popular in nomadic communities and poets in the Spanish region. Because the guitar has reached Spain via Barcelona either by Provans. The most important factors in the arrival of Spain are known as nomadic poets. The fact that these nomadic poets began to wander around medieval Europe has been a major factor in the introduction and enrichment of this stranded instrument into other cultures.
Ud And Vihuela
Vihuela is a general name given to 4 or 5 strings small guitars in general in Spain. In the same process, we know that “Ud” is very popular among the aristocrats all over Europe. Spain is a region where many respected people lived, unlike other countries at the time. The Spaniards did not easily accept this instrument. Although songs and melodies were written for the Ud, the public sought other instruments to express themselves and used guitars called Vihuela more than the Ud.
5 Strings Guitar
In medieval Europe, 3,4 and 5 strings guitars generally coexisted. 15. In the century, four double string guitars continued to be popular. But 16. When the century passed, 4 double string guitars instead of 5 double-string guitars dominated.
After The 16th Century
By the 16th century, the journey of the guitar was almost over. Further developments have been far from each other, and on a regional basis. Musicians in these regions have their own special needs.
In the 19th century, changes were made to the guitar to increase the volume. Her body has been enlarged, her depth has been reduced, her chest lid has been thoroughly thinned.
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